The flagship of higher education in Mangistau Oblast is the Caspian State University of Technology and Engineering named after Sh. Yessenov,
The history of the university begins in 1976 when, in order to prepare engineering personnel for the Mangistau territorial production complex, the general technical faculty of the Kazakh Polytechnic Institute in Shevchenko (now Aktau) of the Mangyshlak region was organized.
Technical re-equipment, reconstruction of existing and construction of new mines, concentration plants and metallurgical plants, the creation of new industries, and the rapid development of oil production in Western Kazakhstan necessitated the opening of new specialties, which made the general technical faculty multidisciplinary.
Resolution of the Council of Ministers of Kazakhstan No. 384 of 18.09.90 general technical faculty of the Polytechnic Institute was transformed into the Mangistau branch of the Kazakh Polytechnic Institute.
The intensive development of the oil and gas complex in Western Kazakhstan, the prospects for the creation of the Mangistau Free Economic Zone, the shortage of personnel for the energy, oil and nuclear industries urgently demanded the opening of new specialties. The great importance of Western Kazakhstan in the economic potential of the republic and the need to further improve the educational space contributed to the upgrading of the status of the Mangistau branch of the Kazakh Polytechnic Institute.
Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 472 of 07.06.93 and the order of the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 301 of 30.06.93 The Mangistau branch of KazPTI was transformed into the Aktau Polytechnic Institute.
In order to perpetuate the memory of Shakhmardan Yessenov, an outstanding scientist, geologist, laureate of the Lenin Prize and State Prize of the Republic of Kazakhstan, academician of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Aktau Polytechnic Institute was renamed into the Aktau Polytechnic Institute named after Sh. Yessenov.
By the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 573 of 07.05.96 Aktau State University named after academician Sh. Yessenov was established on the basis of the merger of the Aktau Polytechnic and Aktau branches of the Atyrau Pedagogical University.
The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan adopted the Resolution of May 26, 2008. for No. 502: Rename the Republican state-owned state enterprise “Aktau State University named after Sh. Yessenov” of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the State State Enterprise “Caspian State University of Technologies and Engineering named after Sh. Yessenov”.
In accordance with the instruction of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N.A. Nazarbayev from October 28, 2006. No. 41-8.106, given during the visit to Mangistau oblast on October 4-6, in June 2007 the construction of the university campus began. 2009-2010 the new academic year the staff of the university met in the new academic building.
In June 2010 the Head of State N.A. Nazarbayev visited the Caspian State University of Technology and Engineering named after Sh. Yessenov and met with the staff of the university.
In 2011, a student hostel for 500 seats was taken and the construction of a sports palace was started, which was completed in 2013.
Today the university is a large modern higher educational institution that has passed state certification and accreditation. Caspian State University of Technology and Engineering named after Sh. Yessenov is the main educational, scientific, educational and cultural center of the region. It provides training for the oil and gas industry, road transport, engineering, as well as pedagogy, jurisprudence, economics, information systems, standardization, finance, geology, ecology, power engineering, construction, municipal services, etc. About 7 thousand students study in the university on day and part-time forms of education.